Stationary and mobile collection points, containers for the environmentally friendly collection of batteries and mercury-containing bulbs, further special transportation and environmentally friendly recycling — a complete waste collection system for electronic and electrical equipment is being created in the Soligorsk district of Minsk region.
Extensive work will be carried out during the environmental initiative “Creation of a waste collection system for electronic and electrical equipment on the territory of the Soligorsk district of the Minsk region”, which is being implemented as part of the project “Involving the public in environmental monitoring and improving environmental management at the local level” (Eco-Monitoring) ) funded by the European Union and implemented by the UN Development Program in Belarus in partnership with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection ubliki Belarus. The initiative is being implemented by the Belarusian Public Association “Ecological Initiative”.
In Belarus, the waste collection system for electrical and electronic equipment (hereinafter — WEEE) from the population is still in the process of formation. Active development of the system began after the adoption of the Decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus dated 11.07.2012, No. 313 “On some issues of the management of consumption waste”. However, at the district level, there are certain technical, institutional and financial problems associated with the organization of the collection of such wastes from the population and their transfer to recycling. In addition, an obstacle to the collection of WEEE is the low awareness and lack of interest among the population to participate in the separate collection of these wastes.
WEEE collection mechanisms and its effectiveness in different parts of the country vary widely. Salihorsky district is the most prosperous from an economic point of view, however, at present, the volume of collection of WEEE is extremely low. The district has a well-developed system for collecting the main types of secondary resources: waste paper, glass, plastics, while a comprehensive collection system for WEEE (including multi-scale household and computer equipment, used batteries and mercury-containing lamps) is still missing. So, taking into account the assessment of the volume of education, in 2018 it was planned to collect at least 160 tons of WEEE in the Salihorsky district, however, the volume of waste collected in January — September did not exceed 15 tons. For comparison, in the Shumilinsky district, the amount of collection per one local resident per year is about 1.47 kg. For the Salihorsky district, this figure is currently only about 0.01 kg / person. in year.
During the implementation of the initiative, a stationary collection point for WEEE will be opened in Soligorsk region where anyone can bring large-sized equipment, bulbs, etc. In addition, a mobile procurement point will work — a special car that will run according to a logistics scheme developed in advance for it. This will allow the collection of WEEE in remote settlements, covering the entire territory of the region.
A network of specialized containers of various types will also be installed to prevent damage to hazardous waste (for example, mercury-containing bulbs), to prevent leakage of toxic fumes and, in general, any negative effects on environmental components.
Further transportation and environmentally friendly processing of collected waste will be ensured by the partner of the initiative — a specialized enterprise of JSC Bel VTI.