The study of the morphological composition of municipal waste in the Republic of Belarus has begun.

One of the problems of the existing system of registration and collection of waste in Belarus is the uncertainty of data, which does not allow a comprehensive assessment of the volume of waste and its loss in the environment before they are involved in the collection system.

In 2019, the Coca-Cola Beverages Belarus Unitary Enterprise allocated funding for a study of the morphological composition of municipal waste under the project “Involving the public in environmental monitoring and improving environmental management at the local level”, funded by the European Union and implemented by the UN Development Program in Belarus in partnership with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus.

  

During 2020, a study will be conducted on the morphological composition of municipal waste in the Republic of Belarus in order to determine their losses in the environment and develop measures to reduce them.
The morphological composition of municipal waste will be studied at 20 sites, 12 of which are located outside the city of Minsk. 4 sites are located in regional centers, 4 sites in large and medium-sized cities with a population of 30,000 to 100,000 people and 4 sites in regional centers with a population of up to 20,000 people. At each site, three studies of the composition of both mixed and separately collected waste will be carried out in three different seasons of the year. This will reveal seasonal differences in the generation of municipal waste, as well as assess the quality of the separate collection of waste by the population at container sites near residential buildings.
The main task is to study the morphological composition of municipal waste on test sites with the provision of protocols for the study of their morphological composition according to the results of each measurement. The study of the morphological composition of the waste will be carried out in the summer, winter and transition (spring or autumn) periods.

 

Separately, for the practical study of polymer waste streams within the framework of existing collection systems, it is planned to conduct an experimental study of the movement of individual groups of polymer waste using a PET bottle as an example. The experiment will be carried out using micro-GPR trackers with an autonomous power source, allowing to track the container path.

 

The data obtained will help in preparing proposals for improving the functioning of municipal waste collection systems in the Republic of Belarus.

 

 The study of the morphological composition of municipal waste in the Republic of Belarus is carried out in 2020 with the financial support of the Coca-Cola Beverages Belarus Unitary Enterprise as part of the project “Involving the public in environmental monitoring and improving environmental management at the local level”, funded by the European Union and implemented by the UN Development Program in Belarus in partnership with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus.